Determination of Stormwater Peak Flow in a Catchment Area
Determination of Stormwater Peak Flow in a Caent Area, example a a gully catchment or a dam catchement area.
Stormwater peak flow in a catchment area can be determined using a variety of methods, including rational method, SCS method, and hydrograph method.
The rational method is a commonly used method for calculating stormwater peak flow. It is a simple and quick method that requires only a few inputs, including the catchment area, runoff coefficient, and rainfall intensity. The formula for calculating peak flow using the rational method is Q = CiA, where Q is the peak flow in cubic feet per second, C is the runoff coefficient, i is the rainfall intensity in inches per hour, and A is the catchment area in acres.
The SCS (Soil Conservation Service) method is another commonly used method for calculating stormwater peak flow. It is a more complex method that considers the soil and land use characteristics of the catchment area. The SCS method requires more inputs than the rational method, including the soil type, land use, and slope of the catchment area. The formula for calculating peak flow using the SCS method is Q = CIA, where Q is the peak flow in cubic feet per second, C is the runoff coefficient, I is the rainfall intensity in inches per hour, and A is the catchment area in acres.
The hydrograph method is a more sophisticated approach that involves developing a hydrograph of the catchment area. This method requires more data and is more time-consuming than the rational and SCS methods. The hydrograph method involves determining the time of concentration of the catchment area, developing a unit hydrograph for the catchment area, and convolving the unit hydrograph with the rainfall intensity to generate the stormwater hydrograph. The peak flow can then be determined from the stormwater hydrograph.
It is important to note that the method used for determining stormwater peak flow should be appropriate for the specific catchment area and should be based on accurate and reliable data. The results of the analysis should be interpreted with caution and used in conjunction with other information, such as local regulations and standards, to make informed decisions about stormwater management.
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